Vertical gradient.
Hot News
 
Home
Aims
Letters & Opinions
FBGA
Scottish Child
Abuse Inquiry
Scottish
Government
Scottish Law
Commission
Scottish Human
Rights Commission
Abuse Review
Jersey Abuse
Ireland Abuse
Kerelaw Abuse
Media Archive
William Quarrier
Quarriers
Quarrier's
Association
Children's Files
Jan McQueenie
BBC "Secrets
or Lies"
Incas
FACT
Experts
Support Groups
Former Boys And Girls Abused logo
Mount Zion Church
Former Boys And Girls Abused
Latest News

FBGA are pleased to announce that David Whelan's remarkable story and account of life in care "No More Silence" was published by Harper Collins in November 2010. You can browse selected chapters of the book, which is also available in a Kindle Edition and was serialised in the Scottish Sunday Mail.

MARION SCOTT and JIM MCBETH are a husband and wife team. They are helping David write his story. Marion is an award-winning journalist who works for Scotland's biggest selling national Sunday newspaper, the Sunday Mail. As well as winning accolades for her campaigning work on child abuse issues and miscarriages of justice, she has won the Campaigning Journalist of the Year award. Jim has been writing for national newspapers for 43 years. He currently works for the Daily Mail. He has also contributed to a number of national television and BBC radio documentaries.




Scottish Sunday Mail interview David Whelan at Quarriers village for "No More Silence", 19/11/10.


PDF Document Peter Garsden, President of Child Abuse Lawyers Association, reviews No More Silence (PDF format).

PDF Document NEW! The Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill 2021 as passed at Stage 3 by the Scottish Parliament. Online copy here (PDF format).

PDF Document NEW! Scots abuse victims ‘abandoned’ by Scots Government after voting to keep ‘disgraceful’ cash‐for‐silence waiver, claims top lawyer. By Tara Fitzpatrick, the Daily Record, 12th March 2021 (PDF format). The bill will see victims waive their rights to any legal action in exchange for a compensation payment. Online copy here.

NEW! Scottish Government news item, Redress for Survivors, 11th March 2021. The scheme will be open for applications as soon as possible and before the end of 2021. The recruitment of key appointments, including advertising the post of Chair of Redress Scotland, will begin later this month.

Deputy First Minister John Swinney said: “I am pleased that Parliament has passed a Bill that will establish a survivor‐focused route to redress. It has been a long and difficult journey for survivors of historical abuse in care, who have campaigned with dignity and dedication for this law. Scotland's redress scheme is an important part of our response to survivors and to this dark chapter of our nation’s past.

“As a society, we are still coming to terms with the scale and horror of the abuse and the impact it had. Those responsible for the harms of the past have a responsibility to do the right thing today.

“This Bill is for survivors. Their courage, determination and perseverance has made a difference and will ensure others never have to experience the horrors they went through.”


For the full news article follow this link.


PDF Document NEW! Abuse survivor compensation scheme passed by MSPs. PA Media, 11th March 2021 (PDF format). The Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill will create Redress Scotland, a new body designed to administer the payments of up to £100,000 for survivors. MSPs voted unanimously to pass the Bill into law. The scheme has, however, been criticised over its use of a waiver for those who receive a payment, meaning they are barred from taking legal action against organisations they allege abused them. Some survivors have even described the waiver as a “betrayal” but deputy first minister John Swinney says the waiver is the only way to make sure organisations where abuse took place will pay into the scheme.

PDF Document NEW! Official Report of Scottish Parliament proceedings, Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill: Stage 3, 11th March 2021 (PDF format). After a robust debate the Bill was passed by the Scottish Parliament. The proceedings can be watched on the Scottish Parliament TV channel here but please note the TV coverage is approximately 5 hours long.

PDF Document NEW! Scottish abuse survivors should ‘not be forced to sacrifice legal rights’. Abuse survivors in Scotland must not be forced to sacrifice their legal rights to protect the very organisations which allowed abuse to take place in the past, lawyers have warned. By Jane Bradley, the Scotsman, 10th March 2021 (PDF format).

PDF Document NEW! Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill, Stage 3 Amendments, 4th March 2021 (PDF format).

PDF Document NEW! Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill, Stage 3 Amendments, 3rd March 2021 (PDF format).

PDF Document NEW! Future Pathways Quarterly Report: Q3 October-December 2020 (PDF format).

PDF Document Dear all, please find attached the submission at Stage 2 by the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA) to the Education and Skills committee.

COSLA has sought to simply avoid their collective and individual accountability for the past systemic failures of the local authorities regarding regulation and oversight of the previous in care residential institutions/establishments, and to avoid their liability for such systemic failures.

COSLA also seeks to continue to protect the so‐called professional social workers and others who were employed by previous local authorities in the past.

Such social workers and others were in part responsible for the overall systemic failures of the Scottish care system in the past. Individual social workers and local authorities as representatives of the State utterly failed, even at a basic level, to ensure that children placed by them in care in the past Scottish care system were safe and protected.

We also note that local authorities in Scotland receive their funding from central government, in this case the Scottish Government, who also are protected by the imposition of a Wavier and it will not hold the Scottish Government (State) or local authorities accountable or liable for past failures.

So any contributions to the Redress Scotland legislation from local authorities will in effect not be coming from them as claimed by the Scottish Government but via the Scottish Government who funds them.

It is simply disingenuous to claim otherwise (End FBGA)
(PDF format).

Online copy here.


PDF Document Here is the Second Marshalled list of amendments at Stage 2 of the Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill being proposed by MSPs and to be debated on the 17th February 2021 by Education and Skills committee members.

The Bill will be considered in the following order ‐ Sections 1 to 5, Sections 6 to 94, Sections 95 to 101, Schedule 1, Schedule 2, Long Title. Amendments marked are new (including manuscript amendments) or have been altered (PDF format). Online copy here.


PDF Document Dear all, please find attached the latest FBGA submission to the Education and Skills committee. FBGA continue to liaise with other parties and survivor groups, including Wellbeing Scotland, and others such the Scottish Parliamentarians on the major issues directly affecting Scottish victims-survivors of historical abuse to help improve the Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill 2021 for all victims-survivors who had negative experiences in the past in-care residential institutions/establishments. 1st February 2021 (PDF format).

Please note that additional Stage 2 amendments will be debated at the Education and Skills virtual committee meeting commencing at 8.30 am on the 17th February and can be watched live on the Scottish Parliament TV channel.


PDF Document FBGA have received an amendments summary to the Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill debate from Scottish Government official Claire Soper by email via the Interaction Review Group on the 11th February 2021 (PDF format). Html copy here.

PDF Document Historic abuse survivors' anger over waiver on legal bids.

Survivors who want government compensation are being asked to sign the waiver, which would stop them taking legal action against their abusers.

David Whelan, 62, who was abused while being looked after as a child at Quarriers Children's Village in Renfrewshire, said: “Survivors across Scotland are outraged that, after engaging for years with the Scottish Government, at the last minute, after expecting them to keep their word on the important commitments they made to us, we have instead been betrayed and hung out to dry.”

The Sunday Post, 14th February 2021 (PDF format). Online copy here.


PDF Document Official Report of the Scottish Parliament Education and Skills Committee, 10th February 2021 (PDF format). Scottish Parliament TV recording of the Scottish Parliament Education and Skills Committee, 10th February 2021.

PDF Document Dear all, please follow the link to a submission by the Scottish Human Rights Commission to the Education and Skills Committee. Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill ‐ Stage 2 submission ‐ Waiver. 8th February 2021 (PDF format).

The Scottish Human Rights Commission was established by the Scottish Commission for Human Rights Act 2006, and formed in 2008. The Commission is the National Human Rights Institution for Scotland and is independent of the Scottish Government and Parliament in the exercise of its functions. The Commission has a general duty to promote human rights and a series of specific powers to protect human rights for everyone in Scotland.
    Introduction

  1. The Scottish Human Rights Commission (the “Commission”) has considered the breadth and weight of evidence presented to the Education and Skills Committee at Stage 1 of the Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill (the “Bill”). We believe it may be helpful to reiterate, and build upon, our human rights analysis in relation to the waiver provisions in advance of the Committee's consideration of the Bill at Stage 2.
  2. The effect of the waiver is to require survivors to give up a legal right in order to receive a redress payment through the scheme. The Commission made clear in written and oral evidence at Stage 1 its view that it appears disproportionate to exclude recipients of financial redress through the scheme from pursuing civil justice altogether.
In addition to the PDF link above please find an Html copy here where you can read all the submission points 1‐12 by the Scottish Human Rights Commission.


PDF Document Dear all, FBGA statement regarding the Lambeth Redress Scheme, 4th Febuary 2021. FBGA highlighted that the Lambeth Model was excellent at the Educational and Skills Committee hearing on the 27th January 2021. We want to clarify that this related to the costs of the Lambeth model since a high majority of costs went into awards: 83% to applicants, council legal fees were 7% and applicants legal fees were 10%.

We recognize that, while the Lambeth redress scheme is not perfect, many elements in the model are cost effective, and survivor centered and informed. It also puts excellent systems in place for external oversight of its regulatory and governing functions and redress processes.

In addition FBGA recognizes that Lambeth has a wavier in its Redress Scheme (which FBGA do not support in any Scottish Redress Scheme for the reasons previously provided to the Committee).

Our understanding is that this waiver was due to the very high and significant numbers of children claiming abuse relating to one council, which affected this one council (Lambeth) who ran a number of care homes previously, and very high numbers (in the 1000s) of former residents claiming and alleging abuse in civil cases potentially would have effectively bankrupted Lambeth Council.

Please note 2.16 in the Lambeth report: It is important to point out that…applicants are not expected to prove their case because the Council has accepted liability in terms of the abuse they were subjected to…


Awards in the Lambeth Redress Scheme go from £10,000 to £125,000, with additional awards above £125,000 in a number of cases in the scheme negotiated amicably by the parties from the civil cases route.

See attached the latest Lambeth Redress Scheme report. Lambeth Council, 16th September 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Lambeth historic abuse: Children's home redress scheme deadline extended by two years. ‘While the abuse stopped, the effects have stayed with me’. A compensation scheme for victims of historic abuse in Lambeth Council's children's homes has been extended by two years to enable more survivors to come forward. [In October 2019] Lambeth Council's cabinet approved the decision to extend the Lambeth Redress Scheme deadline for claims to 2022 - rather than closing on January 1, 2020.

Hundreds are believed to have been abused and neglected while growing up in the authority's network of children's homes, open from the 1930s to early 1990s. The Redress Scheme, launched in January 2018, is expected to cost the council £100 million in total. The scheme involves a harm's way payment of up to £10,000 for those who feared neglect or abuse, and separate payments of up to £125,000 for neglect and abuse survivors, made on a case-by-case basis.

Selection of quotes from the article: ‘…the council has faced criticism for how long it has taken for payments to be made, with at least one high-profile lawyer saying the final compensation offered has been far less than initially promised. Solicitors' firm Irwin Mitchell has secured three settlements for clients totalling more than £290,000. Its legal team currently represents around 50 victims.’

‘After being placed in a Shirley Oaks care home, [a victim] says she was sexually, racially and physically abused, and witnessed staff bullying other children. Now in her 50s, she received £122,000 of compensation.’

‘Another male victim, who was separated from his siblings in care and says he was sexually abused by a female staff member in Shirley Oaks, described the impact of the abuse he suffered throughout the 50s and 60s. Now in his 60s, he received a settlement of £155,000.’

By Katherine Johnston, Southwark News, 7th November 2019 (PDF format). Online copy here.


PDF Document Scots child abuse charity warns loophole prevents survivors claiming compo. SAFE - Seek And Find Everyone - claims a loophole is preventing Scots' victims claiming government compensation for abuse they suffered as children. Scotland's leading child abuse campaigner Dave Sharp, who runs the charity, says dozens of survivors are being put off applying for thousands from the government's much vaunted Redress Scheme. They have all been asked to provide records of their time in care and proof they were abused. But for many, this is an impossible task as many records have been destroyed and allegations were never investigated. Mr Sharp told us: “There's a distinct lack of information for survivors seeking access to their records”. By James Moncur, Daily Record, 1st February 2021 (PDF format). Online copy here.

Please note the Redress Scotland Scheme is not operational yet. The advance payments scheme is open if you meet the evidential criteria and qualify on age criteria or Ill health grounds.


PDF Document CAPS Independent Advocacy Future Pathways consultation, February - July 2021 (PDF format). Html copy here.

PDF Document Educational and Skills Committee draft report on the hearings of the 27th January 2021 at which FBGA, Wellbeing Scotland and Incas gave oral evidence (PDF format). Scottish Government website copy here. The report starts at page 14 for this particular evidential hearing.

Dear all, please note that FBGA were provided with the incorrect start time for this committee meeting. We have addressed this unfortunate mix‐up with the committee convenor Claire Adamson and have accepted her apology.

Link to the Scottish Parliament TV recording of the hearing. Due to the communication error mentioned above the committee meeting had already started when FBGA arrived, and so David Whelan appears approximately 10 minutes after the meeting commenced and Harry Aitken some time after that.


PDF Document Survivors of child abuse still feel a waiver built into a new bill to compensate them is a “betrayal”, a campaigner has said. Wellbeing Scotland chief executive Janine Rennie said survivors remain angry. “They still feel that the waiver has been a betrayal of everything they've been through,” she said. The Press Association, 27th Janaury 2021 (PDF format).

PDF Document Dear all, please find attached a Clinical paper commissioned by FBGA in response to the Scottish Government draft assessment paper, which has been submitted to the Education and Skills committee. FBGA would like to extend our thanks to the two clinical professionals by lived experiences who have compiled this paper on our behalf. This clinical assessment paper recognises the unique individual victim-survivor experiences. While being victim-survivor centred and victim-survivor trauma informed linked into payment levels in any proposed payments level redress Scotland scheme (PDF format).

PDF Document Dear all, FBGA and other survivors group are remotely meeting with the Education and Skills committee on Wednesday morning 27th January 2021. Please follow this link, on the day, to Scottish Parliament TV where you can access the meeting. Please also find attached PDF and HTML versions of a document that FBGA have submitted to committee. Here are some of the key points from the submission.

VICTIM-SURVIVOR FORUM

FBGA recommend that this VICTIM-SURVIVOR FORUM is embedded in secondary legislation and should be formally recognized in the BILL.
Victims-Survivors should not merely be considered to be playing a consultancy bystander role.

Eligibility for the Redress Scotland Scheme

That the eligibility criteria is widened and made more inclusive and available to ALL victims-survivors who feel they were harmed or wronged in residential and institutional establishments. That where there was a clear failure of State and others duty of care, regulation, inspection and oversight of these organisations.

Clinical Assessment Paper Commission by FBGA by “Experts” with lived experience

The FBGA have commissioned a clinical “Experts”, by experience, assessment paper. This paper was submitted to the committee on 18th January 2021. With regards the Scottish Government draft assessment paper, our clinical professionals experts, by lived experience, have identified significant serious gaps in it. Individualized assessments should link into payment levels (refer to the clinical paper commission by FBGA submitted to the committee).

Evidential thresholds; the Standard and Burden of Proof

FBGA believe that the standard of proof must be grounded in law, and be on the face of the BILL in primary legislation. Standard of Proof being used has to be publically available and must retain the confidence of the victims-survivors and the general public.

FBGA note that whilst the Redress scheme is designed to have lower evidential requirements than Civil Litigation, these Redress evidential levels are required to be robust and credible, to prevent fraud and support genuine applications.

We note, Point 88 in the committee summary, quote “the Cabinet Secretary's John Swinney's suggestion that the Burden of Proof required for the redress scheme will be ‘significantly lower’ than the standard of proof in a civil case”.

The Proposed Wavier and Legal Challenges

Any Wavier introduced, would allow the Scottish Government and others, to escape accountability, in cases relating to them.

We agree with the committee's recommendation that this Waiver is removed.

In addition the Redress Scotland Waiver's domestic or European Human Rights Commission (ECHR) legality has in fact not been tested, to-date, in law. Therefore it is only a short matter of time, before victims-survivors in Scotland do go to the ECHR and international bodies, and the waiver is found unenforceable anyway.

The Scottish Government may continue to argue that a waiver was used in other jurisdictions where we understand it has not been challenged legally. Having had advice from those involved in the Irish Waiver case, in a jurisdiction where the imposition of a Waiver has been challenged in an Irish victim-survivor case it was found and deemed to be unlawful in International law.

Unfortunately, however, FBGA do envisage and anticipate that a Scottish victim-survivor(s) legal case will be taken up in the future if such a Wavier is introduced into the Redress Scotland Bill.

Insurers

Mr John Swinney, the Cabinet Secretary, quote, “believes that that the Waiver would mean insurers would support organisations to make contributions if they are assured there is no chance of future litigation”. Unfortunately there is no concrete factual evidence provided to this committee to-date to support that assertion.

The evidence the committee heard from Iain Gray, MSP showed that insurers would not stand behind organisations in making contributions. Others such as Mr Greene MSP and Ross Greer MSP had similar negative comments on this Wavier issue and referred to this in committee and in the Scottish Parliament debate.

We agree fully with the MSPs comments based on our conversations with a provider who has given evidence to this committee. The insurers to-date have showed no willingness to make any limited financial contributions nor at the huge levels the Scottish Government officials are seeking.

We are reliably informed by the evidence presented to the committee that insurers have not shown a willingness to be part of the Redress Scotland Scheme whatsoever to-date, including with regards any financial commitment including at the levels envisage. Which as the providers have pointed out in there evidence to the committee are clearly unaffordable and will have a detrimental impact on the sustainability of their vulnerable children and adults services and organisations.

Voluntary Contributions effecting Reconciliation and Sustainability of Care Providers

FBGA support the institutions and the committee's approach and recommendation which is that principles are amended to be fair, meaningful, affordable and sustainable and appear on the face of the Bill. We expect the formula for contributions is made publically available, as are the contributions amounts and organisations listed, victim-survivors have full unfettered access to the all the data and information relating to contributions to the Redress Scheme.

We believe the inclusion of the Wavier is not the best way to seek reconciliation or voluntary contributions from a wide range of stakeholders, or to effect reconciliation for victims-survivors.

Payment levels and structure linked to a unique individualized assessment

We still do not understand how the Scottish Government arrived at the formulae used to calculate the payments proposed in the Bill, and we expect these formulae to be publicly available.

We want the panel members to have the independent and impartial, explicit lawful, discretion to determine all cases regardless of circumstances. We believe this should be on the face of the Bill.

Accepting a Redress Payment or applicants to choose between accepting a Redress payment and a Civil Court Action. Access to Justice

The Scottish Human Rights Commission (SHRC), we understand, does not believe “applicants to choose between accepting a Redress payment and a Civil Court Action” is best practice. SHRC consultation response 2019.

The Scheme should allow victims-survivors access to a range of avenues open to them without having to choose one or another.

The Scottish Civil Court process has the ability to take into account any previous financial award from the redress scheme just as it does with criminal injuries awards when awarding damages in any future civil action.

International studies have shown that where victims-survivors have full rights, remedies and access to justice and choice in a fair and reasonable Redress Scheme, they are unlikely to continue to pursue other legal avenues including Civil cases for a variety of reasons. :END:


PDF Document MSPs back care abuse survivors calling for changes in compensation scheme. David Whelan, 62, who represents hundreds of children who suffered abuse at Quarriers Children's Village at Bridge of Weir, said: “Asking us to give up one of the only things we have, our rights, is unacceptable. The introduction of a waiver was a nasty surprise for all of us.”

Labour education ­spokesman Iain Gray said that if the Scottish Government did not amend the provision, his party would. “The waiver compromises the integrity of the Bill,” he said. “It must go.”

Mr Swinney told MSPs that he believes the waiver would mean insurers would support organisations to make contributions to the Bill, if they are assured there is no chance of future litigation.
By Marion Scott, the Scottish Sunday Post, 20th December 2020 (PDF format). Online copy here.


PDF Document Child abuse compensation scheme waiver must be scrapped, MSPS demand. MSPS have pushed for the removal from new legislation of a waiver which would stop abuse survivors seeking legal action against their abusers. However as the bill stands, victims would be forced to waive their rights to future legal action in order to receive the payment.

Labour education spokesman Iain Gray said that if the Scottish Government does not amend the provision, his party will. “I want to be really clear, the waiver compromises the integrity of the bill,” he said. “It can't stand, it must go. This is not a party political position, indeed I think it's shared across the Parliament.” Mr Gray said the waiver would not work as an incentive for organisations to contribute to the scheme.

Jamie Greene, the Tory education spokesman and member of the committee, said: “Nobody, absolutely nobody, had anything positive to say about the waiver, that in itself should serve as a warning to us.” and added that the waiver could discourage survivors from coming forward, or some could decide to take the money if they were in financial distress. The Herald 18th December 2020 (PDF format).


PDF Document Official Report of the meeting of the Scottish Parliament, 17th December 2020 (PDF format). Scottish Parliament TV recording of the Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill debate, 17th December 2020.

PDF Document The Scottish Parliament Education and Skills Committee Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill ‐ Stage 1 Report, 9th December 2020. On page 105 under the heading ‘Overall Conclusions on the General Principles of the Bill’, item 638 of the report states: “The Committee welcomes the general principles of the Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill and in particular its commitment to ensuring effective redress and remedy to abuse victims/survivors.” Online copy here (PDF format).

PDF Document Dear all, please find attached Dr Maeve O'Rourke's letter to the Education and Skills Committee of 1st October 2020. FBGA have highlighted some of the factual extracts of this letter and from correspondence FBGA had directly with Dr O'Rourke on the matter of the WAIVER.

The Waiver would have severe consequences and a detrimental negative impact on victims-survivors if this is introduced by the Scottish Government into the Redress Scheme.

The experience and circumstances of those abused in Ireland and whereby a Waiver was in use which is based on the facts of the experiences of former persons who suffered institutional abuse in Ireland and the actions thereafter by the Irish State.


  1. In forcing survivors to choose between a guaranteed financial payment and accountability, the waiver arguably emits a message to survivors themselves and to the general public about survivors that they are interested in money above all else. This is simply untrue and degrading to survivors.
  2. If barriers to litigation are removed, individual cases may establish precedents that are of benefit to many, in terms of truth-telling and legal interpretations and standard-setting regarding the nature of and responsibility to protect from child abuse. There is every reason to believe that the waiver will prevent cases that could have enhanced legal protections from child abuse from being taken.
Dr O'Rourke states the following concerning the Waiver and its negative consequences:
  1. The State could fund the whole scheme if necessary, i.e. if the church doesn't bother in the absence of a waiver (and it is of public benefit not to require people to sign waivers so that accountability can be ensured as stated in my letter, therefore it is a financial contribution worth the taxpayer making).
  2. The legislation could require courts to reduce damages by the amount already paid under the scheme, therefore the State and church will not 'lose out' by having contributed to a scheme that doesn't include a waiver because their previous contribution will be counted if someone is successful in court afterwards.
  3. If people receive a payment under the scheme they are less likely, I would think, to litigate because of course litigation is arduous. So, a scheme without a waiver is still of benefit to the State and the church institutions, because even without the waiver it is likely to encourage people not to sue.
  4. The waiver enables people to go directly to European and international human rights bodies - and so actually creates a risk for the state in particular - because it means people will not have to exhaust domestic remedies before going to the ECHR or an international treaty body (because they will be able to show they had no recourse domestically due to the waiver, as Elizabeth Coppin showed). Therefore it is only a short matter of time before people do go to the ECHR and international bodies and the waiver is found unenforceable anyway.
Online copy here (PDF format).


PDF Document Abuse victims claim no‐sue string tied to payments breaches human rights law. They say demanding victims sign waivers removing their right to take legal action against those responsible is “shameful”.

Campaigner David Whelan, who represents hundreds cared for at Quarriers, said: “For the Scottish Government to now even consider imposing a legal waiver on victims who suffered that level of abuse, taking away their right to sue in return for what, in many cases, is a rather paltry sum of money, is shameful. They must reconsider.”

Maeve O'Rourke of the Irish Centre for Human Rights said survivors of torture and ill‐treatment have an absolute right under international human rights law to obtain individualised accountability and redress. She said: “Scotland has the ­opportunity to use this redress scheme to support survivors who wish to pursue litigation by contributing to these individuals' psychological and financial security in the short term. Instead of providing for a waiver of rights as a condition of receiving a limited payment from Redress Scotland, the Bill could direct the courts to reduce any future damages award by the amount already paid by the relevant defendant under the scheme. This approach would recognise the human right of survivors of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment to accountability for such abuse, and to compensation commensurate with the gravity of the harm suffered.”


By Marion Scott, Scottish Sunday Post, 6th December 2020 (PDF format). Online copy here.


Scottish child abuse inquiry: Scottish Government was guided by ‘regrettable paternalism’. The Scottish Government was guided by a “regrettable degree of paternalism” towards child abuse survivors when deciding against establishing an inquiry, it has been heard. Closing submissions were being given to the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry in Edinburgh on Friday, which examined ministers' actions surrounding the issue between 2002 and 2014.

It was heard officials believed they knew what was better for survivors than campaigners who had been calling for an inquiry – which had been done consistently until a decision was made under Nicola Sturgeon in 2014.

Christine O'Neill QC, representing Scottish Ministers, said: “There are a number of reasons why the government did not effectively listen. They had an approach to policymaking that didn't seek out the view of survivors of abuse. More fundamentally, Scottish Government engagement was informed by an attitude of paternalism – and an assumption that the needs of survivors would be better met by measures which were therapeutic.”

Stuart Gale QC, for survivors group FBGA, added: “The officials are saying ‘we know what's best for you’.”

“One could look at it as a regrettable degree of paternalism,” said chairwoman of the inquiry judge Lady Smith.


The Herald, 4th December 2020 .


PDF Document Kenny MacAskill: Alex Salmond did not block child abuse inquiry. Scotland's former justice secretary Kenny MacAskill has rejected claims he and Alex Salmond did not support an inquiry into the historical abuse of children in care when in government. By Gina Davidson, The Scotsman, 3rd December 2020 (PDF format).

PDF Document CAPS Independent Advocacy Future Pathways Consultation. CAPS Independent Advocacy have been asked to gather people's views on Future Pathways and wider support services. Come along to one of these ‘getting to know us’ meetings with Eli and Victoria to find out more about the consultation and the opportunity to have YOUR say in YOUR way and the chance to influence future services provision for survivors. Meetings will take place online:

Tuesday 8th December - 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM

Thursday 10th December - 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM

If you have any questions, would like to chat or want to register to come along to one of the introductory events, please get in contact with Ele on 07948 740 158 or ele@capsadvocacy.org. CAPS is an independent advocacy organisation. This means that it:
  • Puts the people who use advocacy first
  • Is accountable
  • Is as free as it can be from conflicts of interest
  • Is accessible
Caps Future Pathways don't provide any other service and their only agenda is to help you have your voice heard and give you a louder voice in situations that affect you. Collective advocacy is about groups of individuals with a common interest who come together to raise awareness, campaign and influenced service planning and provision. This consultation is not related to the Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill. CAPS will feedback information from this consultation anonymously, including everyone's point of view. We will not generalise interpret or make assumptions (PDF format).


PDF Document Sex abuse probe ‘too costly’ said ministers. A probe into widespread child abuse in Scotland was delayed because ‘the money wasn't there’ during the financial crisis of 2008, an inquiry was told. Jean MacLellan, a former divisional head and deputy director of the Adult Care and Support Division at the Scottish Government, told the inquiry in Edinburgh: “It was 2008 when there was a financial collapse. The money wasn't there. In any discussions with ministers, we were asked about costs. I think the concern would be to try to move on with something that was practical and feasible.” By Joe Hutchison, Scottish Daily Mail, 27th November 2020 (PDF format).

PDF Document Alex Salmond ‘was opposed to child abuse inquiry’. The Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry has heard that then‐first minister Alex Salmond and other senior Scottish government figures were against it being set up. Deputy First Minister John Swinney told the inquiry there had been clear division over the issue. He said an inquiry was only authorised “after the change of first minister had taken place”. Mr Swinney also said the cost of an inquiry would not have been a deterrent, saying: “I've seen a lot of traffic about money in the papers and I was finance minister for nine years, so I controlled that money. Ironically, in the period after 2007, the financial issues were a lot less than in early 2014.” He added: “When I came to office in 2007, I was pleasantly surprised there was £1.6bn in an account in the Treasury that hadn't been spent.” BBC News, 27th November 2020 (PDF format). Online copy here.

PDF Document Ministers tried to do ‘right things’for abuse survivors. Ministers were not trying to “cover things up” when they resisted calls for an inquiry into abuse of children in care, a former first minister has said. Jack McConnell was first minister between 2001 to 2007. BBC News, 20th November 2020 (PDF format). Online copy here.

PDF Document Scottish ministers led to believe child sex abuse not ‘systemic failure’. A former MSP has said government ministers were led to believe the sexual abuse of children in care was not a systemic failure and therefore did not justify a public inquiry. Ministers were told in a memo from senior civil servant Colin MacLean in May 2003:

“The pressure for the [Scottish] Executive to act has not been intense. Aside from the [Daly] petition and two stories in The Sunday Mail, there has not been widespread Parliament or public interest. Noticeably, cross‐party interest hasn't been taken up and The Sunday Mail received less than 20 responses to a request for stories...The criminal convictions have been isolated and there is no evidence emerged of widespread abuse. It would therefore be feasible to do nothing. We do not recommend a full inquiry as allegations are not substantial enough to justify.”

By Emma O'Neill, The Scotsman, 18th November 2020 (PDF format).


PDF Document Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry: Government ministers believed abuse was down to ‘rogue individuals’. A former MSP has said government ministers were led to believe the sexual abuse of children in care was not a systemic failure and therefore did not justify a public inquiry.

Peter Peacock, who served as Education Minister from 2003 to 2006 and was an MSP from 1999 to 2011, gave evidence to the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry on Wednesday.

Judge Lady Smith, who is hearing the inquiry, noted that when the ministers decided against having an inquiry, some criminal convictions for abuse had already been taking place and up to 300 more cases were then being investigated.

Lady Smith asked: “There were 300 cases, convictions taking place – how many more did you need to think there was enough weight for an inquiry?”

Mr Peacock replied: “These are matters of judgment. On balance, we felt it didn’t warrant a public inquiry. But that was our view – other people might judge differently.”

Caitlin Hutchison, Herald Scotland, 18th November 2020 (PDF format).


PDF Document Child abuse inquiry may have ‘stalled for financial and legal reasons’. The Press Association, 17th November 2020 (PDF format). Online copy here.

PDF Document John Swinney urged to axe rule for abuse survivors to sign waiver to get payout. By Kathleen Nutt, the National, Scotland, 15th November 2020 (PDF format). John Swinney is under pressure to drop a controversial clause in a government bill requiring survivors of abuse in children's homes to sign a waiver giving up their right to take civil action against the institution where they suffered before they can receive financial compensation. Online copy here.

PDF Document Dear all, Please find attached the Education and Skills Committee Agenda and Spice paper, 25th Meeting (Session 5) Wednesday 4th November 2020 and here the official report of the meeting. In addition here is the link to a video of the committee meeting. The Committee took evidence on the Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill at Stage 1 from Viv Dickinson, Chief Executive Officer, Social Care Council, Church of Scotland; Derek Yule, Advisor, Local Government Finance, COSLA; Dr Judith Turbyne, Senior Manager, Policy and Improvement, OSCR; Dr Ron Culley, Chief Executive Officer, Quarriers; and then from John Swinney MSP, Cabinet Secretary for Education and Skills, Scottish Government. Online copy here (PDF format).

PDF Document Abuse survivors' rights could be undermined by compensation process, MSPs told. Survivors groups railed against the policy at an evidence session held by the Education and Skills Committee on Wednesday, saying it erodes the rights of those who suffered abuse.

Harry Aitken, of the Former Boys and Girls Abused in Quarriers Homes group, said: “It's not acceptable that any government should demand that a survivor or a citizen should sign away their rights. In fact, it should be the duty, the obligation of a government that they protect citizens' rights.”

David Whelan, who also represents those abused at Quarriers, said: “I think you're taking away choice. I think you’re taking away a right and that right is choice. It shouldn't be one or the other.”

Mr Whelan advocated an “offsetting” system, in which any settlement given through Redress Scotland – the body which the Bill would create to deal with claims – would be deducted from a subsequent civil action.

By Dominic Lipinski for the Press Association, 28th October 2020 (PDF format).


Rights of Abuse survivors in Scotland could be undermined by compensation process MSPs told. By Conor Riordan for the Press Association, 29th October 2020.

PDF Document Dear all, Please find attached the Education and Skills Committee papers for the 28th October 2020, and here the official report of the meeting (PDF format). In addition here is the link to a video of the committee meeting. The Committee took evidence on the Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill at Stage 1 from the following representatives who participated in the hearing: David Whelan and Harry Aitken (Former Boys and Girls Abused in Quarriers Homes), Flora Henderson (Future Pathways) and Helen Holland and Simon Collins (In Care Survivors Service Scotland - INCAS). In addition the committee members spoke privately to a number of other former Quarriers residents prior to the meeting. FBGA would like to thank everyone who took part in the private and public sessions and especially those former Quarriers residents who took part in the private sessions.

PDF Document Please follow the link to FBGA's full combined submission dated August and September 2020 to the Education and Skills Committee regarding the proposed Redress Scotland Bill at stage one of the Committee's scrutiny process.

Currently FBGA cannot support the proposed waiver having envisaged how it will operate in practice. A number of other organisations have also addressed serious concerns regarding the proposed waiver to the Committee.

FBGA are supporting offsetting as proposed by the Scottish Human Rights Commission. Offsetting would mean that victims-survivors could still access both the Redress Scheme and the civil litigation proceedings, and retain the choice to offset any award received from Redress Scotland against any award in the civil proceeding or vice versa. This is what happens with Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) awards which have to be repaid if an award is made in civil proceedings.

If, and only if, there has to be a legal process relating to signing a document or an application form then FBGA propose that victims-survivors only do this after they have had full legal advice at the end of the process, and once they are satisfied with the legal advice, and the award being proposed is acceptable to them. This would include the signing of any legal document (form section) including if it was part of an application form.

FBGA have also put forward an alternative, which is a discharge summary for discussion, see within the FBGA submission document, on the basis that there may or if there has to be a legal document signed. FBGA are suggesting something akin to the same process that applies in civil proceedings at the end and only once the victim-survivor has accepted an award following legal advice from their solicitors.

FBGA are advising all former Quarriers residents who may wish to make an application in the future to Redress Scotland to seek full legal advice as being proposed in the Bill and provided for including at the start of your application process to help you make a fully informed decision.

FBGA can also confirm that we are proposing that Redress is viewed as a reconciliation process with Quarriers. August 2020. (PDF format).


Paying the price of child migration by Graham Watson of Clyde and Co, Quarriers insurers solicitors. Claims Media, 07/05/20.

Dear all, the Scottish Government has publishing notes and information relating to key aspects of the proposed Redress Scotland scheme legislation, updated on 1st September 2020. Here is the link to the information notes. Each note should have all the relevant links to allow former residents of Quarriers Homes and others to stay fully informed. Any questions or queries that former residents of Quarriers abused in care wish the group to raise please email fbga1@aol.com or refer to the frequently asked questions section of the Scottish Governments website.

PDF Document Dear former Quarriers residents, on the 13th August the Scottish Government introduced the Redress Scotland legislation to the Scottish Parliament, which the Education and Skills committee is dealing with as part of its scrutinising role. Just to confirm, on 27th August 2020, following feedback and amendments from a number of former Quarriers residents and others, FBGA have submitted written evidence to the Education and Skills Committee. There are a number areas of legitimate concern which FBGA are in the process of trying to address in the submission and in our discussions with other parties. We as a group are seeking further clarification on a number of aspects of the proposed Redress Scotland legislation. In principle we welcome and support the introduction of the legislation and will continue to engage with all the parties to help ensure we have a fair and reasonable Redress Scotland scheme for everyone regardless.
  1. Next of kin payment cut‐off date is too narrow and will exclude legitimate claimants (see note and explanation in the document).
  2. FBGA are proposing to request the Scottish Government and the Committee to increase the maximum payout to 100k plus for migrant cases. Reclaim 20k from UK Government in such cases if applicable and where an applicant has made a claim to the UK process.
  3. In addition we believe the most serious and complex abuse cases are not being addressed currently. So, following Australia and Lambeth, we have requested that such limited cases are increased to 125k plus, dependent on the experience and merits of such individual cases and what we call complex extraordinary circumstance cases pertaining to these matters (see notes in document).
  4. Contributions made by organisations directly affected by these issues to perhaps allay legitimate concerns of victims‐survivors and have some victim‐survivor input (see notes and proposals in document).
  5. Issues concerning waiver and its linkage and the impact on right of the victim‐survivor to chose what they wish, including any avenue open to them.
  6. Unintended consequences also remain a serious concern and arrangements with the DWP needs to definitely be in place prior to the scheme going live.
Former Boys and Girls Abused in Quarriers Homes, 27th August 2020(PDF format).


PDF Document Payouts for survivors of abuse in care in Scotland by Lucinda Cameron, the Times, 15th August 2020. Online version here (PDF format).

PDF Document Scotland's Redress Scheme for Survivors of Historical Child Abuse in Care. Statement and report by John Swinney, Deputy First Minister and Cabinet Secretary for Education and Skills to the Scottish Parliament, 19th August 2020 (PDF format).

Opening quote: “On Thursday last week, the Scottish Government introduced the Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill to Parliament.

“The bill is a result of the brave and tireless advocacy of survivors of historical child abuse in care, and a reflection of the Government's unrelenting commitment to properly address what they have experienced. It delivers on many of the recommendations that were previously made by the interaction action plan review group, whose continued work has helped to inform key aspects of the draft legislation. I thank the members of the review group and all the other survivors who have campaigned with such dedication and contributed in such a whole‐hearted way to our approach.

“The bill seeks to establish a financial redress scheme for those who were abused as children while residing in an eligible care setting in Scotland, in cases where that abuse took place before 1 December 2004.

“Under our proposals, all survivors will have the opportunity to apply for a redress payment of up to £80,000. However, we recognise that survivors value having a choice, so, building on the results of previous consultation, the scheme adopts a combination payment approach. That means that survivors can choose to apply for a fixed‐rate redress payment of £10,000 or an individually assessed redress payment, which involves a more detailed examination of the facts and circumstances of their experience.” Online version here.


Scottish Human Rights Commission. Historic Child Abuse: Action Plan and Accountability. Many people in Scotland are still suffering from the impact of abuse they suffered in the past. The Commission has been working since 2009 to promote effective access to justice and remedies for survivors of historic child abuse. Follow the link for SHRC projects, programmes and an action plan on justice and remedies.

PDF Document Historic child abuse survivors could receive up to £80,000. The Scottish Government said the Redress for Survivors Bill will be non-adversarial and sensitive to the needs of survivors. By Jenness Mitchel Scottish TV News, 14th August 2020. Online version here.

Survivors of historical child abuse in residential care settings could get up to £80,000 in compensation under a proposed new law.

The Scottish Government said the Redress for Survivors (Historical Child Abuse in Care) (Scotland) Bill will seek to provide “tangible recognition” of the harm caused to those who were abused as children before December 1st, 2004.

The Bill will set up a new independent body, Redress Scotland, to assess applications for financial redress. The individually assessed redress payment levels are set at £20,000, £40,000 or £80,000.

The Bill seeks to establish a scheme that will be non‐adversarial and sensitive to the needs of survivors. It will offer a faster alternative to the civil court process and access to elements of non‐financial remuneration including therapeutic support. In some circumstances, next of kin of deceased survivors will be able to apply for the redress payment of £10,000.

Deputy First Minister John Swinney said: “The Bill seeks to put in place a scheme which treats survivors with dignity and respect and which faces up to the past with compassion. Survivors of historical abuse in care have campaigned with dedication and perseverance for access to justice, improved accountability, and redress. They deserve to be listened to, heard and believed. This Bill is a tribute to their courage, determination and perseverance to ensure others never have to experience what they did.”

David Whelan, spokesperson for Former Boys and Girls Abused in Quarriers (FBGA), said the group welcomed the proposed Bill and urged all MSPs to support it.

He added: “The harm and damage inflicted on children in care who are now adults by those who had a duty of care on children is unquantifiable.

“This harm and damage has been lifelong and has had a profound impact on the lives of those who were abused in care with severe life‐long consequences as recognised by the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry.

“This redress scheme will certainly acknowledge this harm and damage provided it is a fair and reasonable redress scheme. It will go some way to support those abused in care to help rebuild their lives and find some comfort in their remaining years” (PDF format).


PDF Document Scots abuse survivors payments of up to £80,000 under new laws. Survivors of historical child abuse in Scotland's care system will be able to claim up to £80,000 in “redress” payments under proposed new laws. By Scott Macnab, The Scotsman, 14th August 2020.

The Scottish Government is seeking “contributions” towards these payments from organisations involved in the care of victims at the time of the abuse.

Deputy First Minister John Swinney said: “For decades, many children were failed by the institutions and people entrusted to look after them. Financial redress is an important part of doing what we can to address these failings.

“The Redress for Survivors Bill will acknowledge and provide tangible recognition of harm as a result of historical child abuse in various residential care settings in Scotland” (PDF format).


Scottish Government introduces legislation for a Redress for Survivors of Historical Abuse in Care Bill. Follow the link to the proposed Bill and relevant policy documents on the Scottish Government website, 13th August 2020.

WHY THE BILL WAS CREATED

Many children in care in Scotland in the past were not treated with love or with respect. They were abused by those responsible for their care.

Survivors of historical abuse in care have campaigned for redress. They want, and deserve, to be listened to, heard and believed. Making redress payments is an important part of dealing with the wrongs of the past.

The Bill aims to provide practical recognition of the harm caused by historical child abuse in care in Scotland. The Bill aims to treat survivors with dignity and respect. It is part of facing up to the wrongs of the past with compassion.

As well as the Bill, other actions are being taken to support survivors of historical child abuse. These include apologies and other forms of support.

Organisations which were responsible for the care of children at the time of the abuse are being asked to contribute to the scheme. This is what survivors have said that they want. It also allows those organisations to help deal with the wrongs of the past.


Redress for abuse in care. More than 400 advance payments made.

A scheme that offers recognition and acknowledgement to survivors of historical childhood abuse in care has made payments of £10,000 each to 417 people in its first year.

The Advance Payment Scheme provides redress payments to those who were abused in care in Scotland and who are terminally ill or aged 68 and over.

Deputy First Minister John Swinney said:

“I am pleased that more than 400 people have received an advance payment. We continue to do everything possible to help survivors and their families apply to the scheme by ensuring a simple application process. I am particularly pleased by the positive feedback we have received on the process from survivors and survivors groups.

“While clearly nothing can take away the pain that individuals have suffered, the scheme, together with other actions we are taking, will go some way towards acknowledging the grievous harm inflicted on them when they were most vulnerable.”

Scottish Government website, 28th July 2020.


Update on the latest information on financial redress for survivors of child abuse in care. The Scottish Government are due to bring forward legislation on the main Scheme after the summer recess of the Scottish Parliament. Scottish Government website, 28th July 2020.

PDF Document Dear all, please see this letter from John Swinney, the Deputy First Minister and Cabinet Secretary for Education and Skills, to Clare Adamson MSP, the Convenor of the Education and Skills Committee, confirming that the Scottish Government intends to introduce a Bill (i.e. legislation) to provide financial redress to survivors of historical in care abuse. The Bill will be introduced after the summer parliamentary recess.

This is an extract from the letter, which is headed, “REDRESS (SURVIVORS OF IN CARE ABUSE) BILL ‐ INTRODUCTION” and goes on to say, “Dear Clare, I am writing to you in respect of the Redress (Survivors of In Care Abuse) (Scotland) Bill.

In our Programme for Government 2019‐20, we committed to introducing a Bill to provide financial redress to survivors of historical in care child abuse in this year's legislative programme. While the Covid‐19 emergency and response has affected all aspects of government work, including the preparation of draft legislation, I wanted to write to you to reiterate the intention of the Government to introduce this important Bill.

Following discussion with the Minister for Parliamentary Business and Veterans and officials, it is now planned to introduce the Redress Bill following the Parliamentary summer recess.” Letter dated the 11th June 2020 (PDF format).


PDF Document Dear all, Future Pathways have been in touch with FBGA to let us know that their services are still operating during the coronavirus pandemic. Please share their letter with anyone who you feel needs support services. The full letter is here and an extract below.

“We have had feedback that people are unclear if Future Pathways is open, other people may feel they don't want to contact us during this time even though everyone is experiencing new challenges at this time.

As Alliance Manager, I want each and every person to be able to contact us if help is needed. That's why I wanted to be in touch ‐ to reassure everyone that we remain very much open and able to support you.

If there's anything that we can help you with, I urge you to contact your Support Coordinator or call the registration line on 0808 164 2005 and one of our team can help.

If you are not sure about getting in touch, for any reason, please email our Engagement Team at engagement@future-pathways.co.uk, or text or call 077 02 565 847.

We will be more than happy to hear any worries you might have and offer reassurance.

Yours sincerely,

Flora Henderson Alliance Manager, 29th May 2020 (PDF format).


PDF Document Criminal convictions and criminal charges of former Quarriers employees. Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry (extract pages).

• The offences were committed between the 1950s ‐ 1980s.

• The following are details of the criminal convictions and criminal charges in respect of which they were accused at trial.

• Please note: These extract pages ‐ 133‐149 ‐ are taken from the main Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry interim report case study 3 published 07/01/2020.


See the full report here (PDF format).


PDF Document Dear all, here are the preliminary case study findings from the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry in respect of child abuse relating to Quarriers, Aberlour Child Care Trust and Barnardo's between 1921 and 1991. Pages 133 to 149 of the report itemise all the criminal charges that a number of former Quarriers employees have been charged with over and above those criminal charges individual employees were found guilty of in the Scottish Criminal Courts. 7th January 2020 (PDF format).

PDF Document Children in Scottish charity homes did suffer from abuse, inquiry rules. David Whelan, spokesman for Former Boys and Girls Abused in Quarriers (FBGA), thanked the chairwoman for how the inquiry has been handled and said her findings “vindicate” their campaign for a public investigation. By Conor Riordan, The Scotsman, 8th January 2020 (PDF format).

PDF Document Children abused by charities. Inquiry slates Barnardo's, Quarriers and others for ‘harsh, rigid’ regimes.

Previous reports have been highly critical of religious orders but Lady Smith said the ‘extent of sexual abuse – including abuse which also constituted a serious breach of trust – was greater in this case study’.

David Whelan, spokesman for Former Boys and Girls Abused in Quarriers (FBGA), said: “We have always said the criminal convictions of eight Quarriers ex-employees for child abuse which included physical, emotional and sexual abuse in all its forms represented the tip of the iceberg and this is borne out by the findings of Lady Smith.” By Graham Grant, Home Affairs Editor. The Scottish Daily Mail, 8th January 2020 (PDF format).


PDF Document Quarriers children were abused, says inquiry. The Paisley Daily Express, 8th January 2020 (PDF format).

PDF Document Scottish child abuse inquiry finds that children ‘suffered abuse’ in Quarriers, Aberlour and Barnardos. The Scotsman, 7th January 2020 (PDF format).

PDF Document Survivors of abuse at Quarriers feel ‘vindicated’ by findings of the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. David Whelan, spokesman for Former Boys and Girls Abused in Quarriers, said the findings “vindicate” their campaign for a public investigation. He said former management of Quarriers had failed in their duty of care but accepted that the organisation was now “very different.”

Mr Whelan added: “Lady Smith's findings are unequivocal in their condemnation of the past Quarriers organisation and the effects of this abuse and its impact on those who suffered such abuse in Quarriers' past care.

“The extent and nature of the abuse which Lady Smith has found to have occurred in Quarriers is truly shocking.” The Paisley Gazette, 8th January 2020 (PDF format).


PDF Document Scottish children ‘physically, emotionally and sexually abused’ while in care. The Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry found that the “undue autonomy” afforded to those in charge of the children and the lack of consistent practices in the homes were major factors in the abuse.

It also noted that, compared to previous organisations investigated by the inquiry - including the Daughters of Charity of St Vincent de Paul and the Sisters of Nazareth - the extent of sexual abuse was greater at the QAB (Quarriers, Aberlour and Barnardo's) charities.

Lady Smith added: “Children were subject to regimes, structures, and practices that facilitated the engagement by sexual predators in grooming practices and in serious breaches of trust.” Victoria Weldon, The Herald, 7th January 2020 (PDF format).


Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry: Children in charity homes ‘did suffer abuse’. Children in homes run by Quarriers, Aberlour Child Care Trust, and Barnardo's suffered physical, emotional and sexual abuse, the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry has concluded.

Lady Smith, who is chairing the inquiry, said children who were at the institutions between 1921 and 1991 lived in “harsh, rigid regimes”. She also said “scant regard was paid to their dignity”. Quarriers, Aberlour and Barnardo's have apologised for the abuse suffered.

In her findings, Lady Smith said: “Many children did not find the warmth, care, and compassionate comfort they needed.

“The previous lives of the children who came into the care of the QAB (Quarriers, Aberlour and Barnardo's) providers had all been blighted in some way, whether by being abused in the family home, the death of one or more parent, parental illness, families who could not cope with caring for them, abandonment, or by other similar circumstances.

“The QAB providers could have made a real and positive difference to every child, but that did not happen. For many, further damage was inflicted upon them.” BBC News, 7th January 2020.


PDF Document Youngsters were physically, emotionally and sexually assaulted while at institutions run by three care providers, according to the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. Clyde News, 7th January 2020 (PDF format).

PDF Document Money worry over child abuse inquiry. Scottish ministers resisted an inquiry into historic child abuse to avoid “admitting liability” and encouraging victims of other tragedies to seek money from the state. Tom Gordon, Scottish Political Editor, The Herald, 1st January 2020 (PDF format).

PDF Document Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry, Case Study No 3. The provision of residential care for children in Scotland by Quarriers, Aberlour Child Care Trust, and Barnardo's between 1921 and 1991. Evidential Hearings: 23 October 2018 to 12 February 2019 (PDF format).

Financial Redress Consultation responses can be viewed here. The Scottish Government, 19th December 2019.

Information updates on financial redress for survivors of child abuse in care. The Scottish Government, 23rd October 2018.

Financial redress for survivors of historical child abuse in care: review of the Advance Payment Scheme. The Scottish Government, 4th December 2019.

Financial redress for survivors of child abuse in care: Advance Payment Scheme form and guidance. The Scottish Government, 25th April 2019.

PDF Document The Scottish Government has apologised for the “suffering” of child migrants sent abroad by institutions entrusted to care for them. Stuart Gale QC, representing the Former Boys and Girls Abused of Quarriers' Homes, which sent more than 7,000 children from Scotland overseas mainly to work on farms, told the inquiry that following the setting up of the redress scheme some may question the need for further examination of child migration.

He referenced Prime Minister Boris Johnson's remarks that millions of pounds of police funding was being “spaffed up the wall” on historic abuse investigations and accused him of “staggering insensitivity”.

Mr Gale said evidence taken and still to be given shows the need for their experience to be “formally recognised and investigated”.


Thousands of children from Scotland were sent overseas through child migration schemes that ran until 1971. Laura Paterson, Press Association Scotland, 3rd December 2019 (PDF format).


Abuse inquiry: Quarriers admits child migration was ‘misguided and wrong’. BBC News, 3rd December 2019.

Financial redress historical child abuse in care consultation. Scottish Government. Dear all, This important consultation on financial redress closes on the 25th November 2019. It is important that as many former residents who had negative and abusive experiences in care complete the Questionaire. You can complete it online or if you require a questionaire we can sent this out to you. You can answer as many or as few questions as you like.

Former Quarriers children's home residents and abuse survivors have gathered at the end of a campaign to reinstate headstones for hundreds of children who lay in unmarked graves. A white rose was laid in remembrance for each of the 335 children buried in Quarriers village in Renfrewshire. BBC News, 29th September 2019.

PDF Document Financial Redress For Survivors Of Historical Abuse In Care. Information Note 3: Redress Consultation. The Scottish Government has launched a public consultation on financial redress for survivors of abuse in care in Scotland. This consultation will run for 12 weeks and will close on 25 November 2019. It is open to all interested individuals and organisations; the Government want to hear the views of as many people as possible, including survivors and the those who support them. The information the Government gather from the public consultation will help shape the content of the draft legislation to be brought before Parliament next year. You can respond to the consultation online or by email or post. More information and details about how to take part are included in the attached Information Note. Hard copies of the consultation paper and response form are available on request.

Helping the Scottish Government to raise awareness and promote participation in the consultation.

The Government knows that the FBGA has direct or indirect contact with survivors of abuse in care and would appreciate their help in raising awareness and participation in the consultation. Some survivors may find it helpful to use existing supports and forums that they have in place to discuss the consultation. Perhaps FBGA would like to come along to an information session to hear about the consultation and how to help with awareness raising and participation. We know that some survivor organisations plan to organise small group sessions with interested survivors and we would be happy to discuss how we can assist with those. Please do not hesitate to contact the Government should you have any questions about these developments or any of the information provided. You can contact us by phone on 0300 244 2242 or by email at redress@gov.scot. For more information please download this PDF. Scottish Government, September 2019 (PDF format).


Abusers could be forced to make financial payouts to survivors of historic child abuse in care. The Scottish Government Financial Redress for Historical Child Abuse in Care ‐ Pre‐Legislative Consultation addresses the principles and structures of the redress scheme, and the government is expected to work with survivors to consider payment levels at a later stage. Helen Holland, chair of the In Care Abuse Survivors group (INCAS), said: “We encourage all survivors to participate in the public consultation. It is important their voices are heard.” David Whelan, spokesperson for Former Boys and Girls Abused in Quarriers, said: “We welcome the very positive steps that the Scottish Government has taken to commit to implementing a redress scheme for former residents abused in the past care system. The severe harm, damage and trauma inflicted and its impact on former residents abused, as highlighted in the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry, simply cannot be quantified in monetary terms. A redress scheme, that is fair and reasonable, will go some way to help survivors rebuild their shattered lives.” The consultation closing date for responses is the 25th of November and the redress scheme bill is expected to be introduced next spring. The Scotsman, 2nd September 2019.

Financial Redress for Historical Child Abuse in Care ‐ Pre‐Legislative Consultation. This consultation seeks views on the detailed design of a statutory financial redress scheme in Scotland, scheme administration issues, and views on financial redress as part of a package of wider reparations for survivors of historical child abuse in care. FBGA would encourage all victims-survivors to participate in this very important consultation to have your views heard. The Scottish Government, Citizen Space, 2nd September 2019.

Those responsible for the abuse of children in their care in Scotland may have to help pay for a new financial redress scheme. BBC News, 2nd September 2019.

Dear all, We are pleased to announce that Fiona Burke, a former resident of Quarriers, has agreed to represent the FBGA on the Interaction group, which has a broad representation of former residents from past care institutions including Quarriers. The Interaction group is currently working in partnership with a number of interested parties including CELCIS and the Scottish Government. We want to wish Fiona all the best and thank her for representing former residents of Quarriers on the Interaction group. August 2019.

University pledge for care‑system students in Scotland. The aim is to give more care‑experienced people the chance to get to university. People who have been in the care system are to be guaranteed an offer of a university place if they meet new minimum entry requirements. All 18 Scottish universities which use the main admissions system have agreed to make the change. Professor Sally Mapstone, the principal of St Andrews University, called the scheme “transformational”. By Jamie McIvor, BBC Scotland education correspondent. BBC News, 25th July 2019.

PDF Document Survivors of historical child abuse will pay no tax on compensation payments. Peter Swinton, Scottish Sunday Post, 9th June 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Crown Office to face inquiry for ‘failing child abuse victims’. An inquiry into historical child abuse is expected to investigate alleged failures by Scotland's prosecution body to protect vulnerable children in care, the Sunday Times has learnt. The Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service said it anticipates being a focus of future investigation by the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. Mark Macaskill, Sunday Times, 5th May 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Day 2 of Professor Ian Levitt's expert evidence to the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. Transcript of day 127 of the SCAI, 10th April 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Financial Redress for Historical Child Abuse in Care. The Advance Payments Scheme: Guidance and Application Form. Scottish Government, 25th April 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Financial Redress for Historical Child Abuse in Care. The Advance Payments Scheme: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) booklet and contact details. If you have further questions or need help, please contact the Advance Payment Team. Telephone: call free of charge on 0808 169 9740, Monday to Thursday from 10am to 4pm. Alternatively they have an automated phone service if you want to request an application pack but do not need to speak to someone. If this is the case, please call free of charge on 0808 196 1436. Email: AdvancePaymentTeam@gov.scot. Scottish Government, 25th April 2019 (PDF format).

Advance payments scheme announced by Deputy First Minister. Survivors of childhood abuse who are aged 70 or over or terminally ill can apply now for compensation payments. It has been introduced ahead of a wider payment scheme that is due to open in 2021 and which will offer redress to other survivors of abuse in care. There had been concerns that some survivors would not survive until then because of their age or health. The Advance Payment Scheme will see successful applicants receive a flat rate of £10,000, with £10m being set aside for the scheme this year. To be eligible, applicants must either have a terminal illness or be aged 70 or over, and have experienced abuse while in care in Scotland before December 2004. BBC News, 25th April 2019.

PDF Document Expert evidence to Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry by Professor Ian Levitt. Transcript of day 126 of the SCAI, 4th April 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Expert evidence to Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry by Professor Andrew Kendrick. Transcript of day 125 of the SCAI, 3rd April 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Expert evidence to Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry by Professor Kenneth Norrie. Transcript of day 124 of the SCAI, 2nd April 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Child migration used to keep Commonwealth white, legal expert claims. Professor Kenneth Norrie, giving evidence to the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry, stated the following: “Charitable institutions genuinely thought they were giving children a good chance at life. The Government had different intentions – they were thinking about stocking the British empire with as many white people as possible.” He also claimed to be “unconvinced” there was legal capacity for a parent or child to consent to the youngster being sent abroad. It was, he believed, residential care organisations such as Quarrier's who took advantage of nobody wishing to challenge the process. The legal expert said “big efforts” were made to seek out “waifs and strays”, such as children who were rough sleeping. Prof Norrie added: “These charities thought they were doing the right thing. Society as a whole thought this was a good thing.” Canada was the prime destination for migration until after the Second World War, when it became Australia. UK News, 2nd April 2019 (PDF format).

Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry clarifies position on child migrants payment scheme, 5th April 2019.

PDF Document Inquiry hears approved schools were not good environments for rehabilitation. Networks of criminals were created around Scotland as a result of people's experiences in approved schools and the Borstal system. Residential childcare expert Professor Andrew Kendrick suggested that the institutions were not good environments for rehabilitation. The Press Association, 3rd April 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Scottish child abuse Inquiry hears of serious concerns about approved schools in Scotland. The Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry (SCAI) heard that heavy punishment regimes were among concerns raised in a report. Professor Levitt told the inquiry of serious concerns raised in the past surrounding a number of approved schools in Scotland. The SCAI heard that the potential for a mass walkout, heavy punishment regimes and a lack of psychological treatment facilities for “disturbed” youngsters were among the fears raised about the institutions in a report from the late 1960s. UK News, 4th April 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Children's care experiences were almost down to chance, abuse inquiry told by Professor Andrew Kendrick. The Press Association, 3rd April 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Preliminary closing submissions to the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry (Quarriers Case Study) FBGA day one. 11th February 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Preliminary closing submissions to the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry (Quarriers Case Study) FBGA day two. 12th February 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Preliminary closing submissions to the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry (Quarriers Case Study) Day two extended, including submissions on behalf of INCAS, the Lord Advocate, Police Scotland, the Scottish Ministers, Quarriers, Barnardo's and Aberlour Child Care Trust as well as FBGA. 12th February 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Letter to the National Confidential Forum's Interaction Action Plan Review Group from Dr Rachel Harper. “Dear All, As my time with the Forum comes to an end, I would like to thank all in the Interaction Action Plan Review Group for your support and openness. It has been a privilege to carry out this role on behalf of the Scottish public. I thank you all for championing the Forum, but particularly I thank all those survivors who have given me their trust…” Dr Rachel Happer, Senior Clinical Fellow in Clinical Psychology, School of Health in Social Sciences, University of Edinburgh. 27th February 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Inquiry told ‘evil’ carers could have abused thousands. Children lived in fear due to the ‘widespread abuse’ of potentially thousands of boys and girls in care homes, an inquiry into child abuse has been told. Stuart Gale QC, on behalf of the Former Boys and Girls Abused in Quarriers (FBGA), described the abuse as ‘endemic in certain cottages and was a part of everyday life.’ The Metro, 12th February 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Child abuse survivors praised for ‘candour and courage’. Witnesses who gave evidence of abuse they suffered while in residential childcare have been praised for their “candour and courage”. Lawyers for Quarriers, Aberlour and Barnardo's made the comments during closing statements of the current phase of Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry…The inquiry has heard witnesses describe routine beatings, emotional abuse and sexual assaults. Some former care residents still bear physical and mental scars decades after the abuse.
All three organisations offered apologies to those who suffered while in their care. Kate Dowdalls QC, representing Quarriers, said: “During this case study, former Quarriers residents have come forward to describe events that are deeply personal and often distressing. Quarriers is grateful to them for their candour and courage…” Scottish TV News, 12th February 2019 (PDF format).


PDF Document ‘Endemic’ child abuse was part of everyday life, inquiry told. Stuart Gale QC, on behalf of the Former Boys and Girls Abused in Quarriers (FBGA), described the abuse as “endemic in certain cottages and was a part of everyday life. In the relevant period, certainly hundreds ‐ if not thousands ‐ of children suffered abuse in Quarriers,” he told the inquiry, urging judge Lady Smith to address the scale of the abuse in her findings. Press Association, 11th February 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Dear all, Update on financial redress to the Scottish Education Committee, 1st February 2019 (PDF format). Deputy First Minister John Swinney is quoted as saying: “The Scottish Government has been progressing work at pace on financial redress.
“We will make advance payments to survivors who may not live long enough to apply to a statutory scheme. I am pleased the Budget Bill has now passed Stage 1 and has a Parliamentary agreement to pass at Stage 3, which means the £10 million set aside for the advance payments scheme is now available from this April.
“The budget will in effect be demand led and the provisional allocation of £10 million may be higher or lower depending on the number of applications received.
“We are working with the Review Group to gather their views on key aspects of the application process and how the scheme will be publicised to those survivors who may not live long enough to apply to the statutory scheme. We will publish full details of the advance payments as soon as possible.”

1st February 2019. Please note: FBGA support in principle the advance payments. FBGA are still awaiting and seeking further clarification and assurances from the Scottish Government via the Review Group relating to a number of aspects of this advance payment proposal. FBGA believe it should be based on an individual's abusive experience in‐care. Serious concerns remain about any likely potential impact on the “rights of individuals” and “rights of any dependent” who may ordinarily have full access to the main scheme (if it were enacted now) including those individuals who are terminally ill and those of an advanced age and over 70s. There are still concerns also relating to unintended consequences including impact on Benefits to be addressed and some other matters too.


PDF Document Letter concerning the financial redress scheme from John Swinney, Deputy First Minister, to Clare Adamson, convener of the Education and Skills Committee, 30th January 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document ‘I couldn't deal with it, it tore me apart’: surviving child sexual abuse. As a boy, Tom Yarwood was assaulted by his musical mentor. Decades on, telling the story has not become any easier. The Guardian, 1st February 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Childcare sector viewed as second‐class profession, inquiry told. Bosses at childcare organisations have said the industry struggles to retain and recruit good staff, with the profession viewed as “second class”. Press Association, 31st January 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Child charity executive says sorry to homes abuse victims. The boss of a childcare provider has said crimes against youngsters could have taken place even if individuals were not convicted of offences. Alice Harper, chief executive officer of Quarriers, told the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry yesterday she was “deeply saddened” by evidence of harm at its former residential homes in Inverclyde. She described “unacceptable” levels of punishment and children being treated as “domestic labour” by house parents at the Quarriers Village cottages.
It was heard seven former members of staff have been convicted of forms of abuse ‐ John Porteous, Joseph Nicholson, Mary Drummond, Samuel Mcbrearty, Alexander Wilson, Ruth Wallace and Euphemia Ramsay.
However, she added that more crimes could have been committed. The Herald, 29th January 2019 (PDF format).


PDF Document Village model aided abusers, admits childcare Quarriers charity boss. A childcare chief has told an abuse inquiry that too much emphasis was placed on preventing harm from strangers rather than from people the children knew. Charles Coggrave told the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry that children were more at risk from people who had regular contact with them, particularly regarding sexual abuse. The head of safeguarding and aftercare for the charity Quarriers agreed that its former village model created an environment that made it easier for the children to be preyed on. The Times, 29th January 2019 (PDF format).

PDF Document Child abuse could have taken place despite lack of convictions, inquiry told. The boss of a childcare provider has said crimes against youngsters could have taken place even if individuals were not convicted of offences. Alice Harper, chief executive officer of Quarriers, told the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry on Monday she was “deeply saddened” by evidence of harm at its former residential homes in Inverclyde. She described “unacceptable” levels of punishment and children being treated as “domestic labour” by house parents at the Quarriers Village cottages.
It was heard seven former members of staff have been convicted of forms of abuse ‐ John Porteous, Joseph Nicholson, Mary Drummond, Samuel McBrearty, Alexander Wilson, Ruth Wallace and Euphemia Ramsay.
However, she added that more crimes could have been committed without there being any criminal repercussions. Ms Harper said: “Personally I'm deeply saddened and shocked by the evidence I have heard. I will never forget that.
“On behalf of Quarriers, I unreservedly apologise to those who suffered abuse while in the care of the organisation.” By Jeff Holmes for the Press Association, published in the Scottish Daily Mail, 28th January 2019 (PDF format).


PDF Document Too much focus on preventing harm from strangers, childcare boss tells inquiry. Witnesses have told the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry (SCAI) of abuse from staff at Quarriers village in Inverclyde. A childcare boss has told the abuse inquiry that too much emphasis was placed on preventing harm from strangers, rather than those youngsters knew.
Charles Coggrave told the SCAI that children are more at risk from people who have regular contact with them, particularly when it comes to sexual abuse. The head of safeguarding and aftercare for Quarriers also agreed the charity's former village model created an environment which made it easier for them to be preyed upon. Press Association, 28th January 2019 (PDF format).


PDF Document Front‐line workers at children's homes not qualified, inquiry told. Former Barnardo's chief executive Sir Roger Singleton has been giving evidence to the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry (SCAI). Some staff in children's homes were promoted beyond their abilities simply because they had a qualification, he told the inquiry.
Sir Roger ‐ a former chief executive of the children's charity Barnardo's who has since been working in the field of safeguarding ‐ said it was “unquestionably” the case historically that residential care providers would struggle to recruit and retain workers. The SCAI heard that a considerable number of front‐line staff in residential care establishments could be unqualified and inadequately trained, despite having to deal with children with special needs and emotional problems. UK News, 16th January 2019 (PDF format).


PDF Document Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry newsletter, Winter/Spring 2019 (PDF format). Online version here.

PDF Document 15 minutes of fury as victim relives ordeal. A woman who was beaten and sexually abused after being sent to an orphanage as a toddler yesterday launched a furious attack on the charity responsible for her care. By Graham Grant for the Scottish Daily Mail, 27th October 2018 (PDF format).

Quarrier's told to take responsibility for impact on former resident's lives. A former orphanage resident has delivered a scathing attack on the organisation responsible for her care, saying it needs to take “responsibility” for the impact it has had on people's lives.
The witness said those who stayed at Quarrier's Village in Renfrewshire had been left living as “charity cases”.
She also claimed records from her time at the establishment, where she lived from the late 1950s until the late 1960s, had been hidden from her by Quarrier's.
The woman strongly condemned the organisation at the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry after chair Lady Smith said she could “be angry” if she wanted to when giving evidence. By Conor Riordan for Care Appointments website, 26th October 2018.


PDF Document “I was dumped in a dustbin and left to die”. Now, following a poignant pilgrimage to Quarriers, he has looked back on his time at the home as “the happiest days of my life’.
He said: “I had a wonderful time. We could join the scouts, there was school and we even had holidays. It makes me feel sad that there is nothing left of Quarriers now.”
In recent years revelations about Quarriers home and details of a catalogue of historic abuse have come to light. The scandal now forms a major part of the Scottish Government child abuse inquiry. But Kenny said: “I can honestly say that I didn't experience anything like that.” By Susan Lochrie for the Greenock Telegraph, 8th January 2019 (PDF format). Online version here.


UK Government to “establish a scheme to ensure that former child migrants receive a payment as soon as possible in recognition of the fundamentally flawed nature of the historic child migration policy”. Statement by Sajid Javid, Secretary of State for the Home Department, 19th December 2018.

Scottish charities face abuse claims. Barnardo's, Quarriers and Aberlour face historic claims of abuse made by hundreds of alleged victims. By Gareth Jones for Third Force News, 19th December 2018.

PDF Document Bosses at sex scandal home were ‘hell‐bent on keeping it quiet’. By Graham Grant for the Scottish Daily Mail, 19th December 2018 (PDF format).

PDF Document Revealed: Three of Britain's biggest childcare charities including Barnardo's are at heart of police probes into claims of historic child abuse. Detectives are probing claims of abuse at a number of Scottish children's homes. By Graham Grant for the Scottish Daily Mail, 18th December 2018 (PDF format). Online version here.

PDF Document Agenda: Shining a light on Scotland's care system. By Dr Rachel Happer, Head of the National Confidential Forum, the Herald, 23rd November 2018 (PDF format).

Three child care organisations face historic abuse probe. Police are investigating claims of historic abuse against three of the UK's largest child care organisations. Detectives are in the early stages of probing allegations made against people linked to Barnardo's, Quarriers and Aberlour Child Care Trust. The three organisations are the focus of the latest phase of the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. BBC News, 18th December 2018.

PDF Document Child abuse inquiry hears shock claims of ‘collusion’ to hide truth about Home Office and council ‘hellholes’. By Ben Gelblum for the London Economic, 8th May 2018 (PDF format). Online version here.

PDF Document Former Quarriers resident says social workers ‘ignored’ abuse claims, by Chris Marshall, the Scotsman, 8th November 2018 (PDF format). Online version here.

PDF Document Boy, aged eight, ‘was repeatedly raped at children's home by his housefather before he was called a liar and made to apologise to him when he reported the abuse’.
  • Quarriers Village in Bridge of Weir, Renfrewshire was similar to ‘prison’, Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry was told.
  • Witness ‘Troy’, 67, was admitted to home aged seven; he said he was raped by his housefather while clearing up after dinner one evening.
  • Troy told inquiry that children who ran away from the home were beaten upon return, leaving them screaming and badly bruised.
  • Another witness ‘Jenny’ said PE teacher at Quarriers sexually abused her when she was aged eight or nine.
By Graham Grant, Home Affairs Editor for the Scottish Daily Mail, 26th October 2018 (PDF format). Online version here.


Child migration scheme ‘a living hell’. A man who was sent to Canada in the 1940s under the child migrant programme has described the experience as a “living hell”. Roddy MacKay, who waived his right to anonymity, left for Canada in 1941. Giving evidence to the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry, Mr MacKay, 84, who was born in Edinburgh, said that after a medical examination he was deemed suitable for work as a labourer. He was aged six. By Conor Riordan for the Times, 22nd November 2018.

Scots child migrant shipped to Canada as six‐year‐old boy recalls ‘living hell’. Edinburgh‐born Roddy Mackay, who was giving evidence to the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry, says the horror of Fairbridge Farm was burned into his mind for all time. By Conor Riordan for the Scottish Daily Record, 22nd November 2018.

Evil pair. Child abuse victims tell how ‘house mother and father’ at Quarrier's care home stripped them naked for beatings and used cold baths as punishment. One witness Thomas Hagan, who was plunged into freezing water for wetting the bed, told an inquiry he ‘thought he'd die’ after one bath turned his legs blue. By Paul Ward for the Scottish Sun, 31st October 2018.

PDF Document Compensation time bar rule to be reviewed. The UK's Victims Commissioner is to examine why child abuse survivors are still being denied criminal injuries despite the change in time bar law in Scotland. Baroness Newlove is to investigate whether the UK Government's two‐year time limit on claims needs to be scrapped. By Marion Scott, Sunday Post, 18th November 2018 (PDF format).

Over a quarter of kids ‘abused’ at orphanage reported attacks while in care. The Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry heard 164 people complained to police about suffering abuse at Quarrier's Village in Renfrewshire from the 1930s onwards. By Hilary Duncanson for the Scottish Daily Record, 16th November 2018.

PDF Document Traumatised care home girl ‘suffocated herself’. A girl was so traumatised by her treatment at the hands of nuns at her care home she suffocated herself to the point of collapse, an inquiry has heard. The child, whose age was not given, often ‘took fits’ after cutting off her air supply with her clothing, the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry was told yesterday. Giving evidence in Edinburgh, Carol McBay recalled witnessing the behaviour while a social worker in the early 1980s at Southannan School, in Fairlie, Ayrshire, which was run by the Quarriers charity. She told the inquiry the girl was transferred to her care from a Catholic‐run children's home in Glasgow, where the child said nuns had beaten her with wooden spoons. By Sam Walker, Scottish Daily Mail, 14th November 2018 (PDF format).

PDF Document Child abuser allowed to live in care complex, inquiry told. A man convicted of abusing children at a care home was allowed to live nearby during the police investigation, an inquiry heard yesterday. Former Quarriers charity boss Philip Robinson told the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry he had made a ‘mistake’ in allowing John Porteous to stay in its Renfrewshire complex during the two‐year probe. Giving evidence in Edinburgh yesterday, Mr Robinson admitted he did not take steps to prevent Porteous potentially gaining access to vulnerable children in Quarriers Village. By Sam Walker, Scottish Daily Mail, 16th November 2018 (PDF format).

PDF Document Quarriers staff ‘were told at time about abuse’. More than a quarter of victims who say they were abused at a children's home said they told staff about the attacks while still in care, an inquiry has heard. The Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry (SCAI) heard 164 people complained to police about suffering abuse at Quarriers Village from the 1930s onwards. By Hilary Duncanson, Scottish Daily Mail, 17th November 2018 (PDF format).

PDF Document I'm sorry for abuse, care boss tells 140 ‘victims’. The man in charge of child welfare at a care home apologised yesterday after it was disclosed that 140 young people under his watch said they were abused. Bill Dunbar told the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry that serious crimes against youngsters in his care ‘should not have happened’. By Sam Walker, Scottish Daily Mail, 15th November 2018 (PDF format).

PDF Document ‘Beast of the bell tower’ paedophile, 85, refuses to apologise to man he sexually abused at a care home as a youngster as his victim stares him down at child abuse inquiry. John Porteous, 85, abused David Whelan at a Renfrewshire children's home. The convicted paedophile worked at the children's home between 1969-1974. Porteous's case was raised at the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry in Edinburgh. He told the inquiry that discipline at the home would now be considered abuse. By Graham Grant for the Scottish Daily Mail, 9th November 2018 (PDF format). Online version here.

PDF Document Care home paedophile refuses to say sorry to victim he preyed on. A convicted paedophile has refused to apologise to the man he sexually abused ‐ and yesterday boasted to an inquiry about ‘stringent’ child protection measures at his former care home. John Porteous, 85, was jailed for the abuse of David Whelan at Quarriers Village. At the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry (SCAI) yesterday, Mr Whelan, 61, listened as the statutory probe's chairman Lady Smith said Porteous had refused to apologise for the sexual abuse. By Graham Grant, Home Affairs Editor, Scottish Daily Mail, 9th November 2018 (PDF format).

PDF Document A convicted paedophile failed to offer an apology for his crimes as he appeared before the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. John Porteous, 85, was jailed in 2002 for sex offences against two boys at Quarrier's Village in Bridge of Weir, Renfrewshire, where he worked in the 1960s and 1970s. Lady Smith, the judge leading the inquiry, told the public gallery, including one of Porteous' victims, that his convictions were “established fact” but that it was Porteous' position that “no apology is offered or is due”. By Chris Marshall, the Scotsman, 9th November 2018 (PDF format). Online version here.

PDF Document Girl, 11, was abused as she lay in her sick bed at orphanage. Victim left ‘frozen in fear’ by depraved carer.
Jailed: Alexander Wilson Jailed: Alexander Wilson
By Graham Grant, Home Affairs Editor, Scottish Daily Mail, 7th November 2018 (PDF format).


PDF Document Paedophile allowed back to orphanage despite sex attacks. By Chris Marshall, the Scotsman, 7th November 2018 (PDF format). Online version here.

PDF Document Abusers at orphanage ‘groomed me to pass on to gang’. A former orphanage resident subjected to three years of abuse said yesterday a paedophile ring may have been based at the home. David Whelan, 61, said he had been ‘sexualised’ by a member of staff at Quarriers Village in Bridge of Weir, Renfrewshire, after being admitted in March 1969 at the age of 11. He told the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry (SCAI) of his fears he had been ‘groomed’ with the intention of ‘passing him on’ to a wealthy businessman for sexual abuse. Mr Whelan, who left Quarriers at 16, said he had endured sustained abuse at the hands of an ‘unrepentant paedophile’ who was supposed to be looking after him. By Graham Grant, Home Affairs Editor, Scottish Daily Mail, 3rd November 2018 (PDF format).

Brave child sex abuse victim raises fears of a paedophile ring operating inside the children's home where he grew up, by Chris Dyer for Mailonline, 2nd November 2018.

Abuse ‘normalised’ at Quarriers children's home, inquiry hears. A man who was sexually abused at a children's home in the 1970s has said some of its staff ran it like a military institution where physical abuse was normalised. David Whelan gave evidence to the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry about Quarriers Village in Bridge of Weir. The inquiry heard, Mr Whelan, who has waived his right to anonymity, was sent to Quarriers in 1969, aged 11, and remained there until he was 16. Now in his early 60s, he struggled to control his emotions as he described his early years at the home. He said they were regimented, like something from a military institution, where physical abuse was normalised. Punishments included beatings with a belt and baton, being locked in a shed and being told he was unwanted by his parents.

‘Paedophile ring’ Residents were also subjected to hair-pulling and being made to stand outside in a shed, sometimes until dawn. Mr Whelan also told the inquiry he suspected the home may have been linked to a paedophile ring. He said: “I believe I was being groomed to be passed on. At the time, you try and understand what was going on here, try to read what's going on here. I'm as clear as daylight - I was going to be passed on. I just wonder if there was a paedophile ring operating out of Quarriers, with some former residents.” BBC News, 2nd November 2018.


‘Groomed to be passed on’ Man who was sexually abused aged 11 at Renfrewshire children's home believes paedophile ring was operating at the orphanage. David Whelan, who waived his right to anonymity, said he believed he was being groomed to be “passed on” while he was at Quarriers Village children's home. The witness, who stayed at the facility between 1969 and 1974, was abused at the home. He was 11-years-old when he went to the orphanage. Speaking at the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry in Edinburgh on Friday, he said: “I believe I was being groomed to be passed on. At the time, you try and understand what was going on here, try to read what's going on here. I'm as clear as daylight – I was going to be passed on. I just wonder if there was a paedophile ring operating out of Quarriers, with some former residents.” By Conor Riordan, the Scottish Sun, 2nd November 2018.

A paedophile ring ‘may have been operating out of Quarriers Village children's home’ says former resident, by Conor Riordan, the Scottish Daily Record, 2nd November 2018.

Children's home was like ‘prison camp’, inquiry told. A man who spent two years in hospital after being subjected to cold baths for wetting his bed in a children's home has described the institution as a “prison camp”. Thomas Hagan, 82, was a resident at Quarrier's Village in Renfrewshire between 1938 and 1952 and said it “ruined” his life. Press Association, 31st October 2018.

PDF Document Child abuse inquiry: Quarrier's Village resident says abuse ‘became a way of life’, the Herald Scotland, 30th October 2018 (PDF format).

Third phase of Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry to open, Press Association, 23/10/18.

Former children's home resident thought house mother ‘was going to kill her’, Press Association, 26/10/18.

Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry: I was raped and beaten - then forced to apologise to abuser, by Chris Marshall, the Scotsman, 26/10/18. A man has told the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry how he was made to apologise to his attacker after being raped and beaten as an eight-year-old. “Troy” broke down as he told the inquiry he was raped four times by his house father at the “cottage” he shared with other boys at Quarrier's Village, Renfrewshire, in the late 1950s.

Child died after violent beating at orphanage, says abuse victim, by Chris Marshall, the Scotsman, 25/10/18. A former resident of a notorious orphanage has told the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry that a child died after a teacher beat him with a belt.

PDF Document Man left with scars after time in orphanage, inquiry hears, Press Association, 24th October 2018 (PDF format).

Scots Victims of child abuse in care will receive compensation from the Government. Families of deceased victims will also be eligible to apply, Scottish Daily Record 24th October 2018.

PDF Document Information Note from the Scottish Government regarding Financial Redress for Survivors of Child Abuse In-Care October 2018 (PDF format).

PDF Document Man sexually assaulted by three men while at orphanage, inquiry hears Press Association, 24th October 2018 (PDF format). Online version here.

Scottish Government announces that victims/survivors of in care abuse are to receive compensation as phase three of the Inquiry begins to look at evidence from former Quarriers residents and others, 23rd October 2018. The announcement was made on the same day that the case study in Quarriers by the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry began to hear evidence from former residents and others.

Earlier that day, the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry was told that police have investigated complaints from more than 350 former residents of homes run by three voluntary organisations. Police Scotland said allegations of abuse had been made against nearly 400 people, dating back to the 1930s, at homes run by Quarriers, Barnardo's and the Aberlour Childcare Trust.

Quarriers have apologised to children abused in their care. A statement read out to the inquiry on behalf of Quarriers said: “Quarriers acknowledges that children were subjected to physical, sexual and emotional abuse whilst in their care. It is acknowledged that abuse occurred across generations at Quarriers Village. Quarriers acknowledges that there were shortcomings in its historical policies and practices which did not prevent abuse from occurring.” The statement, read out by Kate Dowdalls QC, added: “Quarriers remains committed to assisting the inquiry with its work and welcomes the opportunity to hear the evidence of survivors and others. The present day Quarriers organisation remains committed to providing the highest possible standards of care and support to the vulnerable adults, children and young people who benefit from its services.” The police figures were revealed as phase three of the inquiry got under way in Edinburgh.


From Carol Eden, Head of Marketing, Quarriers. “Dear Former Quarriers residents, I am sending a link to a news story from this week regarding further plans to install shared gravestones for the children buried in the Nittingshill cemetery. We have just updated this page with photos of other recent additions to the cemetery. We have also recently added the names of those buried there to our website and these can be found here. We hope this is helpful to descendants of Quarriers' Home children who are researching their family and former residents alike.”

PDF Document Anger as convicted paedophile who still protests his innocence is asked to speak at homes abuse probe. “So many have died, including my own sister Irene, without seeing justice they deserved. Porteous refused to accept responsibility for what he did but so have others. He used a change in the law to have his sentence shortened, but has never appealed his conviction or taken part in paedophile programmes in prison. The inquiry was meant to be giving the victims a voice at last. So why is it giving our attacker the chance to abuse us all over again?” said David Whelan upon learning that his attacker, the convicted paedophile John Porteous, has been invited to speak at the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. By Marion Scott, the Scottish Sunday Post, 21/10/2018 (PDF format).

FBGA are pleased to announce that recommendations and proposals for financial compensation/redress for in care victims/survivors of historical abuse have been submitted to the Scottish Government for consideration following a consultation, Celcis website, 06/09/18. Reports and updates here.

Link to Quarriers updated website regarding their plans for Nittingshill Cemetery, 28/08/18. FBGA would be grateful if you could share this information with any former residents.

Call for financial compensation for victims of abuse in care, ITV News, 06/09/18.

National Confidential Forum 18th July 2018 update.

Shine a light on care campaign launched. If you spent time in care as a child, then the National Confidential Forum would like to hear from you. The Forum has launched a campaign urging people to get in touch and share their experiences. The campaign aims to reflect the thoughts and opinions of care experienced people by listening and understanding their experiences and giving people a voice. Ultimately the Forum wants to change things for the better.

The Forum listens to and acknowledges people's childhood experiences of institutional care in Scotland, and what they are told will form part of a historical record being created about how children experienced care in Scotland's past. It will also inform any recommendations they make about how care for children and young people can be improved. The campaign was developed with support of care experienced people.

The Forum wants more people to talk to them and acknowledges that it can be an extremely difficult decision for people to share their experiences. They provide a fully supported process and their team is trained to help people make the right decision for them. We would urge others to think about sharing their experience of care. It could make a difference.

The campaign will run on STV and STV player.


July 2018 update on financial compensation/redress for victims/survivors of childhood abuse in Scotland and the InterAction Review Group follow-up work relating to it.

CELCIS (The Centre for excellence for looked after children in Scotland) are pleased to say they had a very strong response to their questionnare. They received 179 responses from individual survivors and 2 from victims/survivors organisations and are extremely grateful to everyone who took part.

The InterAction action plan review group met on the 25th of June 2018 and are now in the final stages of the consultation and engagement on a potential financial compensation/redress scheme for victims/survivors of abuse in care. They expect to publish reports and submit recommendations to the Deputy First Minister later this autumn as follows:
  • Findings and analysis of the consultation with victims/survivors of abuse in care.
  • Executive summary of the consultation with victims/survivors of abuse in care.
  • A set of recommendations based on work to date and the information gathered from the victim/survivor consultation.
  • A descriptive summary of relevant international evidence on financial compensation/redress schemes elsewhere.
  • A high level summary of the perspectives of child care service providers and other professional groups on a potential financial compensation/redress scheme.
What is meant by 'redress'?

Redress is to set right or remedy a wrong or harm. Redress and remedy in the context of historical abuse can take a range of forms such as apology, provision of services such as counselling or health services, or a monetary/financial payment.

Reparation is to make amends for a wrong one has done, by providing payment or other assistance to those who have been wronged.

Monetary or financial redress is a payment under redress that provides a tangible recognition of the seriousness of the hurt and injury suffered by a survivor. To avoid any confusion, the term financial redress is the term agreed by the Scottish Government and is described as "a tangible recognition of the harm done" (Deputy First Minister, Statement to Scottish Parliament, February 2017).

Read more about the Scottish Human Rights Commission InterAction.

An update from the Deputy First Minister.

Deputy First Minister, John Swinney, sent letters to the Education and Skills Committee of the Scottish Parliament to update them on progress on the financial redress consultation and engagement.

PDF Document Read the letter of the 13th of February 2017.

Read the letter of the 23rd of February 2017.

Read the letter of the 12th of February 2018.

CELCIS web page about the consultation and engagement on potential financial compensation/redress for survivors of abuse in care.


PDF Document Childhood Sexual Abuse. 'It never stops shaping you': the legacy of child sexual abuse and how to survive it. Child sexual abuse is frighteningly common and hugely damaging. But a new project is collecting survivors' stories – and revealing what is needed to heal. Gaby Hinsliff, the Guardian, 28/06/2018 (PDF format).

Quarriers is currently planning some changes to Nittingshill Cemetery in Quarrier's Village. Quarriers have contacted FBGA and others and asked for comments and views about these plans. They would be very grateful if you could share this with anyone with a connection to those buried in Nittingshill Cemetery and former residents of Quarrier's Village.

NITTINGSHILL CEMETERY

Quarriers Village was established in 1878 and is made up of three farms on land near Bridge of Weir. By 1888, some 19 Homes known as Cottages had been built. Mount Zion Church and Nittingshill Cemetery were opened on 6 March 1888, some ten years after the establishment of Quarriers Village. You can read more about the church opening in the 1888 Narrative of Facts (page 11 on the PDF, numbered as page 19 in the document).

William Quarrier and many of his family are buried in the Cemetery along with, staff, families and those supported when the organisation was known as the Orphan Homes of Scotland and then Quarriers' Homes.

A plaque on the Cemetery wall names all children and adults who were cared for in the Orphan Homes of Scotland and who were laid to rest in this consecrated ground from 1888 until 1971.

Quarrier would like to make some changes and additions to Nittingshill Cemetery and are keen to hear from the descendants of those buried here and any former residents about their views of our proposals. We have been asked by some former residents to replace headstones for the children and have spent some considerable time trying to establish what may have served as a marker for each grave. It has been suggested that gravestones may have been in place and possibly removed. After significant research, we have not been able to substantiate this. We are keen to hear from the descendants of those buried here and any former residents who specifically remember or have photographs of what may have been there and in what time period.

Quarriers has a detailed register of those who are laid to rest in Nittingshill Cemetery. Not all children who passed away were buried at Nittingshill, as some families provided a resting place within their own family lairs. We have published a list of these names on our website along with age and year of burial if anyone wishes to check if their relative or ancestor is buried at Nittingshill Cemetery.

www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk is a useful resource. It is free to register and credits are required to view certificates.

We are keen to progress with some updates during the summer weather and plan to install plaques in memory of all those who lost their lives between 1878 and 1888 as well as from 1971 until 1998 when the last Cottage Home closed. In addition, we will also add section markers and signage to the areas where children are buried.

If you would like to share your views, please email hello@quarriers.org.uk by Monday 16 July 2018.


PDF Document Dear all, please find attached an FBGA paper recently submitted to the Scottish Government, SHRC, CELCIS and other members of the Interaction Group. The paper addresses a number of very important issues that have arisen around the financial redress consultation recently completed and currently being analyzed. These include issues relating to the wider victims/survivors community in general, how some of the redress and recognition matters might be prioritized and finally resolved, and considers the introduction an advance payment scheme in ahead of full redress (PDF format).

FBGA Statement: 24th April 2018.

FBGA believes it is possible to create an advance payments and compensation mechanism where it is appropriate and equitable to do so for both pre-1964 and post-1964 victims/survivors. Such payments would be made in advance of a completed determination of eligibility for a full redress scheme when specific criteria are met. This would take into account an individual's specific circumstances, including any life-threatening terminal illnesses or recognized critical illness of any kind and would include cases where an urgent redress recognition payment cannot be met by other currently available voluntary or statutory means mechanisms. FBGA continue to work constructively with our partners and the wider victims/survivor community on these important matters to seek equitable resolutions for all.


PDF Document Social work professor 'should be sacked' for defending convicted child abusers, by Peter Swindon, the Sunday Herald, 04/03/2018 (PDF format). Html link here.

PDF Document Mr Stuart Gale QC, representing the interests of David Whelan and the members of the FBGA at the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry, has prepared the following note, which explains in layman's terms the recent decision by Lady Smith, the Chair of The Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry, concerning the standard of proof to be used when determining the facts, 04/02/18 (PDF format).

PDF Document Decision by Lady Smith, the Chair of the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry, regarding standards of proof to be used when determining the facts, 25/01/18 (PDF format).

Quarriers 'sorry' for removing headstones at children's home, BBC Scotland, 26/01/18.

Nuns 'deeply sorry' for Smyllum orphanage abuse, by Chris Marshall, The Scotsman, 24/01/18.

PDF Document Decision by Lady Smith, the Chair of the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry, on the application by the BBC to film the evidence of two witnesses in the Daughters of Charity case study, 19/01/18 (PDF format).

Smyllum resident wants church held responsible for abuse, BBC News, 23/01/18.

PDF Document Letter from FBGA to the Isle of Man Law Society thanking them for their donation, 19/01/18 (PDF format).

Dear all, just to let you know that we received a small donation from the Isle of Man Law Society to whom we would like to extend our sincere thanks. The donation will be used to fund our website updates this month. FBGA.

Care home nun admits slapping children on the hand, BBC News, 17/01/18.

Smyllum Park nun 'witnessed no cruelty' at orphanage, BBC News, 16/01/18.

Former residents defend Smyllum Park orphanage at Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry, BBC News, 12/01/18. A former resident of an orphanage at the centre of child abuse allegations has said the claims are "absolute rubbish". Another witness at the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry said staff at Smyllum Park in Lanark "dedicated themselves" to the welfare of children.

The Australian Royal Commission into institutional responses to Child Sexual Abuse final report, 15/12/17. If the link won't work please copy the following url, https://www.childabuseroyalcommission.gov.au/final-report, into your browser.

PDF Document Social Work Professor Mark Smith denies he is an "apologist" for child abusers, by Peter Swindon, the Sunday Herald, 26/11/2017 (PDF format). One campaign group, Former Boys and Girls Abused in Quarriers (FBGA), which supports survivors of abuse has described Smith as "an apologist for child abusers". Html link here.

PDF Document Concerns over Scots abuse mishandling probes as investigation into approach to victim's case 'stalls', by Martin Williams, the Glasgow Herald, 02/11/2017. Concerns have emerged that official investigations into historic child abuse cases in Scotland involving social workers are being kept on hold because of the Scottish child abuse inquiry (PDF format).

PDF Document Chief social worker: Child abuse was underestimated, by Graham Grant, Scottish Daily Mail, 01/11/2017 (PDF format). Scotland's former top social worker yesterday admitted he "vastly underestimated" the scale of abuse in children's homes. Professor Angus Skinner, who was also chief social work adviser to the previous Scottish Executive, said he had failed to appreciate the "duplicitous cover-up" of abuse by "evil" molesters. Html link here.

81-year-old ticking off his bucket list, BBC News, 23/10/17. Former resident of Quarriers Homes, Tommy Hagan, who alleges he was physically abused over many years in the care home, receives much needed support from Future Pathways and his local support agency to fulfill some childhood experiences he missed out on when in care.

The Quarriers sweethearts reunited after 50 years who are overcoming their childhood abuse with Future Pathways, the Daily Record, 15/09/17.

PDF Document How we are leaving our childhood hell behind with Future Pathways, the Daily Record, 18/09/17 (PDF format).

PDF Document More than 400 in care child abuse victims apply to £13.5m Scottish Government fund, Stephen Naysmith, the Glasgow Herald, 14/09/17 (PDF format).

Tommy's "journey to be heard" over care home abuse, BBC News, 13/09/17. After decades of being ignored Tommy Hagan is on a "journey to be heard" about the abuse he suffered in a care home from the age of three. Tommy, 81, has been speaking out about the shocking abuse he was subjected to for 13 years while in the care of Quarriers homes in Renfrewshire in the 1930s and 1940s.

 
homeemail us
 

Contact us for help and advice by email at fbga1@aol.com
Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry website.

Transcripts from each day of the inquiry.

PDF Document Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry /QAB/findings Quarriers Case Study No 3. January 7th 2020 (PDF format).